Women and the Criminal Justice System
Alvernia Criminal Justice course CJ 216 Women in the Criminal Justice system is a bachelor’s degree course that reviews history, equity issues and more, looking at women in different roles, both as offenders and employees, as well as their role in victimology.
When it comes to employment differences between men and women, deeply rooted historical issues are still present today — for example, differences in physical fitness requirements, hiring and firing discrimination, role barriers, salary differences, the gap between women and men in higher positions.
Pay differences between men and women regardless of occupation remain, although Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York have become leaders in shrinking this ratio. Further good news, the pay gap between male and female police officers remains significantly smaller than the national average, which may be due to the prevalence of agencies using set, step compensation systems that inherently do not discriminate against gender. That being said, the promotion of women to higher-ranking positions, such as detective or criminal investigator, may suggest a gender gap through promotional opportunities rather than pay.
There is also a lot happening when it comes to what needs to be done for current female offenders, their specific needs, treatment, rehabilitation, as well as current incarceration trends, research and theory.
There are currently more than 200,000 women incarcerated in the United States, and more than 1 million women on probation. Two thirds of women currently incarcerated are serving sentences for non-violent crimes. Many women enter the criminal justice system with a history of emotional, physical or drug abuse. It is estimated that 80 percent of women in prison suffer from a substance addiction.
Criminal justice students who take time to learn about current trends, events, issues and discrimination both in the workplace and in prisons and beyond, will find it beneficial to the career they choose, their workplace and their communities.